Spanish Bandurrias and Lauds (for more information and photos of Lauds press here.)
The bandurria and laud are Spanish folk citterns which have 12 metal strings which are tuned in pairs. A cittern is a European fretted instrument with a teardrop shaped body, pairs of metal strings and a flat as opposed to a dome shaped back.
On the bandurria the body meets the neck at the 7th fret. The laud has a larger body than the bandurria and the body meets the neck at the 12th fret. Both instruments are tuned in 4ths. The strings are grouped in pairs which are technically called courses. They are both traditionally tuned G# G#, C#C#, F#F#,bb, ee, aa--from the 12th to the 1st string. Since the scale is shorter, the bandurria is tuned an octave above the laud. If you play guitar and don't want to learn the traditional tuning, I suggest that you tune these instruments like the guitar at the 3rd fret: GG, CC, FF, BbBb, dd, gg (12th to 1st string).
Photo of Bandurria
Photo of Laud
Both of the bandurria and laud are used in rondallas--which are fretted string orchestras which often also include guitars and mandolines.
As of February 2017, we have sold out of all Bandurrias. We have a Spanish Laud made by Esteve Guitars model # 5.119 which is $1195 (solid soundboard, laminated sapele back and sides, rosewood fingerboard) with deluxe hardshell case. For more information on lauds press here.
Please inquire by email about particulars: email@example.com
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While I was a graduate student in the 1970's at McGill University in Montreal I played guitar in a rondalla which met at the Centro Gallego. We had about a dozen members. Two of the highlights of our performance career were concerts we did in the Quebec prisons. In the medium security men's prison we met a Portuguese man we knew on the "outside" who had mysteriously disappeared from the local scene. At prison we discovered that he had been involved with a counterfeiting ring. We also played at a French language women's prison. There were about 35 inmates. Our performance was a special night for them. Many had made dresses for the occasion. After we played our first number, many of the inmates came up and asked us to dance while the other musicians played. Afterwards, we shared a wonderful meal made by the ladies.This photo was taken at the Centro Gallego in Montreal, Canada in the early 1970's. Artur Gaipo, a famous Portuguese musician is 3rd from the left in the back row. I am on the extreme right in the back row. If any of the other members of this rondalla spot themselves please contact me: firstname.lastname@example.org